African elephants

In this way, all the elephants of the herd learn essential lessons in rearing a baby.

African elephants habitat

African elephants are a good example. These are made of ivory and are present in both male and female African elephants. In , scientists recategorized the African elephant species into two distinct species, the larger being the African savanna elephant and the smaller being the African forest elephant. Young females will usually stay with the herd, whilst the males leave the herd during adolescence between the ages of 10 and 19 years to lead the life of a more solitary bull elephant. Herds of elephants are matriarchies , with the oldest female leading the way. It ensures the continuation of every species, and every species does it differently! African Elephant Loxodonta africana Weighing up to kg 6. One way is to participate in eco-tourism. Males use the tusks to battle one another, but the ivory has also attracted violence of a far more dangerous sort. The ears are also often used to communicate visually. Weaning is not a speedy process for elephants either, as babies can continue to drink their mothers milk until they are as much as 10 years old. The sad truth is that their habitats are being crushed to make way for infrastructure projects, and poachers are still taking aim to at these beautiful beasts to meet the demands of the illegal ivory trade.

As the human population in Africa increases, more and more land is converted to agriculture. Elephants are vegetarians who love a good mouthful of grass.

african elephant weight

Both male and female African elephants can have tusks, but only male Asian elephants can grow them. Continue Reading. Finally, you can look at the tusks. Their Asian contemporaries can be found in Nepal, India and Southeast Asia in scrub forests and rain forests.

InonlyAfrican elephants were estimated to have survived.

african forest elephant

Young females will usually stay with the herd, whilst the males leave the herd during adolescence between the ages of 10 and 19 years to lead the life of a more solitary bull elephant. This trade is illegal today, but it has not been completely eliminated, and some African elephant populations remain endangered.

African elephants

The gestation period of an elephant is 22 months and fertile females usually give birth every 3—6 years, so if they live to around 50 years of age, they may produce 7 offspring. Calves need to be upright in order to reach their mothers milk, otherwise they will perish. We help establish new protected areas within elephant ranges and improve management effectiveness within existing protected areas. Their sheer size along makes them hard for predators to eat, such as leopards, lions, or jaguars. Since our country is one of the leading importers of African elephant specimens—including hunting trophies—this would be a big deal. The condition is more pronounced in Asian elephants, and can last for up to 60 days. It is characterized by its highly dexterous trunk, long curved tusks, and massive ears. A male can tell when a female is ready to mate from the chemical signs she leaves in her urine and faeces.

Savannah elephants occur in eastern and southern Africa, with the highest densities found in Botswana, Tanzania, Zimbabwe, Kenya, Zambia and South Africa. At the time, 1. African elephants are the largest land animals in the world today.

Like humans, they love to talk to each other by vocalising a range of calls and sounds.

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The status of African elephants