The U. This was also a lever for their own advancement, especially when combined with the arguments for economic reform through which they hoped to secure more investment in Slovak industry.The leaders of the demonstration were rounded up, arrested and drafted into the army. At the CC Plenums in September and October, the cleavage between reformists and conservatives came to the fore. All power to the councils of workers, peasants, young people and intellectuals. So unsettled was the situation, however, that, even in March , there was still hope he might be granted an exit visa in September ; as it turned out, he would have to wait until to visit again, as President of Czechoslovakia. Through it, activists could link up with similar committees in Brno and Bratislava, and it meant they did not have to renew student organisation after a cohort graduated. Despite the subsequent rigged elections and disarming of the working class, represented, in some form, the idea of working-class control over the economy - an idea that was struggling to find expression twenty years later. The governing CP bureaucrats were split over how to deal with this situation. Half of all union officials were removed under pressure from below over a month period, including the chairman of the trade union federation.
Changing from an instrument of party propaganda, media quickly became the instrument of criticism of the regime. By examining the ways that both U. They claimed that the tanks had been invited in by Czechoslovak CP members, something to which no-one has ever admitted.
Russia was plunged into a bloody civil war as 14 imperialist armies invaded in support of sections of the old order—the Whites—who fought the new Soviet power and its Red Army. To rectify the problem, some looked to the Yugoslav model of economic planning.
The Party therefore deems it necessary that the whole working team which bears the consequences should be allowed to influence the management of the enterprise.
This was due, firstly, to the enduring economic crisis which made the reformers reluctant to carry out their risky innovations; and secondly, to the divergence of views on what was to be done between leading figures such as O.