Aristotles concept of tragedy in a play and main characteristics

characteristics of tragedy according to aristotle

It is clear, however, that the external and the inner concentrations are intertwined. This fact entails the second : the participation of the spectator in the sorrows and sufferings of the hero, anxiety for his fate, and the fear in the face of the terrible events which take place before him.

Six elements of tragedy pdf

Aristotle does not content himself with a qualitative analysis of tragedy, with the definition of the six components ; he believes that they do not fully express the essence of the literary work. The artist creates according to the same principle by which a plant grows from of seed and an animal from semen 3. A tragedy consists of six component parts, which are listed here in order from most important to least important: plot, character, thought, diction, melody, and spectacle. What is this private thing which the spectator of tragedy experiences? Aristotle says that "pity is aroused by unmerited misfortune, fear by the misfortune of a man like ourselves. We may in some way "sense" or "understand" the sufferings of the acting personages. Moreover, the plot requires a single central theme in which all the elements are logically related to demonstrate the change in the protagonist's fortunes, with emphasis on the dramatic causation and probability of the events. Dido expresses herself in similar terms : "Non ignara mali miseris succurrere disco" 5. The tragic incident ends in disaster irrespective of whether the hero is good or evil.

Even at the moment of out profound identification with the misfortunes and the states of mind of the heroes, these remain imaginary experiences, and the spectator realizes the distance between the represented and the real world. It is an experience imparted in an aesthetic form.

He says that the plot must be a complete whole — with a definite beginning, middle, and end — and its length should be such that the spectators can comprehend without difficulty both its separate parts and its overall unity.

plot is the soul of tragedy

In the second book of Rhetoric x Aristotle brings an excellent, profound, and valid description of men according to the factors mentioned above. Mimesis, as a creative activity, is in a sense an illusion, since it is rooted in the soul and moves — consciously — away from reality.

What does aristotles definition of tragedy mean

Tragedy exerts its influence as a whole i. Euripides, we are told, said that tragedy is but a perception apprehension of misfortunes. The differences of opinion relate to several topics : the reconstruction of Aristotle's views of tragedy in general, and of "catharsis" in particular ; the correctness of his assertions ; the connection between Aristotle's theory of tragedy and Plato's views of tragedy ; and others. Tragedy, as an artistic literary creation in its objective form, exists in potential. Our pity and fear is aroused most when it is family members who harm one another rather than enemies or strangers. Dithyrambs were sung by a large choir, sometimes featuring a narrator. The Influence of Tragedy upon the Spectator 1 perception of tragedy The It has already been said that the second part of the "differentia specifica" in Aristotle's definition of tragedy is its influence exerted upon the spectator. Aesthetic emotions are partial ones, incomplete in the sense that they do not bring about a dynamic reaction. Second, with the change from success to failure, a man should appear to be neither morally perfect nor wholly evil. Chaucer considered Fortune to be beyond the influence of the human will. Plato demands that in poetical works the good hero should be happy while misery should be the fate of the evil one. Aristotle has relatively less to say about the tragic hero because the incidents of tragedy are often beyond the hero's control or not closely related to his personality. According to Aristotle, tragedy has six main elements: plot, character, diction, thought, spectacle scenic effect , and song music , of which the first two are primary. Thus, Aristotle distinguishes six parts in every tragedy which are : plot, character, thought, diction, melody and spectacle ; and he emphasizes : "there is nothing else besides these" 2.

It is clear that tragedy, by nature exploratory, critical, independent, could not live under such a regimen.

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