Footnoting a history essay

Word then automatically places that footnote number at the foot of the page and continues to number consecutively throughout the essay. Footnotes are also used to call attention to other interpretations, to other sources of information or to make short comments which do not fit into the main text.

bibliography to footnote converter

Footnotes may be in a slightly smaller font than the main text. EndNote: How to keep tabs on your references Keeping track of what you have read for the different subjects, from a variety of sources can be time-consuming.

When writing essays for a history assignment, DO NOT insert your source references within the main text i.

footnote citation

What goes in a footnote? Back to top of page More than one work may be cited in a single footnote You may show that the same information is supported in more than one source of information, so you put more than one author in a single footnote.

By showing that you have found more than one source to support your point, you not only strengthen the validity of that point, you also make yourself independent of over-reliance on just one source there are few things worse than reading an essay where ten footnotes appear in close succession, each citing the same source, each citing the same or close to the same page.

Footnote example

Note that a bibliography is required in addition to references footnotes or endnotes. Once you have cited a source in full for the first time, you may use an abbreviated reference format every time you cite that source again author's last name, one or two words sufficient to identify the title of the work, again in italics, and the page reference. Electronic journal articles Iggers, Georg. If you still write your essay by hand, footnotes can be intimidating, because you have to plan carefully the amount of space to leave at the bottom of the page. Online tutorials are available to help you get started. If you are using a source which has gone through more than one edition, it is important to include the year in which the book was originally published and the year in which your particular edition was published; in the case of a journal article, author's name is followed by the complete title of the journal article, then the italicized title of the journal in which the article was published, followed by the volume number, the issue number if any , then brackets in which appear the month or season if known and year, and finally the page reference for the citation; in the case of an article which appears as part of an edited collection of articles, the citation begins with the complete name of the author whose article is being cited plus the article title within quotation marks. If you can find it in any common textbook or encyclopedia, then you don't need to cite a specific source. Bibliography The bibliography should be on a separate page. Footnotes Acknowledging the sources of quotations is an important use of footnotes, but it is not the only reason for using them. Cahill, 27th July , Sydney, , p. If you're not sure which to use, it's best to ask your teacher or professor which they prefer. Australian Dictionary of Biography, Among the most important of these style challenges are footnotes, which historians rely on more than scholars in any other field. The Book of the City of Ladies. Journal articles 7 M.

Internet sources. From the Internet: In citing material read on the Internet, it is not sufficient to indicate the website alone.

how to use footnotes in a paper

The title of a journal article is never italicized; it is always placed within quotation marks. Ringwood: Penguin Books Australia Ltd.

Footnoting a history essay

IX, No. Everything else. These kinds of footnotes should be used sparingly. Note that for the bibliographical entries for chapters, journal articles and electronic journal articles you need to include the full page range of the text, whereas footnotes and endnotes just require the page number from which you are drawing the cited information. Traditionally the footnote style has been preferred in the humanities as it is less disruptive to the flow of writing. Specific instructions to assist in the use of EndNote X5 on Mac OSX Citing and referencing in History Demonstrating that you have read the major writers and acknowledging their ideas is a fundamental skill of academic work. Koenigsberger, H. Angus R. In such instance, endnotes are a sensible alternative to footnotes; these are placed on a separate page s at the back of the essay but just before the bibliography.

Traditionally the footnote style has been preferred in the humanities as it is less disruptive to the flow of writing.

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