How to write a summary topic sentence

In "Cats Don't Dance," John Wood explains that in spite of the fact that cats are popular pets who seem to like us, felines are not really good at any activities that require cooperation with someone else, whether that is dancing or sharing.

summary writing examples pdf

In a longer summary, remind your reader that you are paraphrasing by using "reminder phrases," such as The author goes on to say that Be sure you don't use the same words, phrases, or sentence structure as the original.

Sometimes referred to as a focus sentence, the topic sentence helps organize the paragraph by summarizing the information in the paragraph. New York: Penguin Books.

How to write a summary topic sentence

You must express the sense of the original using your own words and structures. Transition words can help understanding of the overall structure of a passage. Last updated: June 21, Proficient students may monitor their understanding of a text by summarizing as they read. Use transition words to join everything together. The topic is "cooking" and the controlling idea is "many different skills. For some model summaries, click here. A good summary may use key words from the original text but should not contain whole phrases or sentences from the original unless quotation marks are used. The topic is "To be an effective CEO" and the controlling idea is "certain characteristics. Example: "Bypass Cure" by James Johnson records a recent discovery by researchers that people who have bypass surgery for weight control are also instantly cured of diabetes. Words that are repeated several times are likely to be keywords. Virginia has been a university English instructor for over 20 years. In such cases, it is extremely important to use your own words, or quotation marks if you are actually quoting, in order to avoid plagiarism. In other words, try to find your own way of expressing the writer's ideas. When trying to identify the central idea, you should ask yourself, "Why was this essay written and published?

A good summary should give an objective outline of the whole piece of writing. When you finish the article, read all the topic sentences you marked or wrote down. Combine the thesis of the article with the title and author into your first sentence of the summary.

You should not give your own ideas or criticisms as part of the summary. As Jones implies in the story about Words that are repeated several times are likely to be keywords. Quotations should only be made if there is a reason for using the original words, for example because the choice of words is significant, or because the original is so well expressed.

How to write a summary essay

For example, you might want to summarize the the main points of a book that is relevant to your topic. The topic is "exploring a shipwreck" and the controlling idea is "many difficulties. For citing electronic sources, please see Citation of Electronic Resources. How to write a summary Part I What is a summary? Give a full reference for the citation see the example below for the in-text citations in 2. Give explanations for each supporting point, summarizing the information from the original. Johnson comments

Underline the topic sentence of each paragraph. For a one-paragraph summary, discuss each supporting point in a separate sentence.

How to write a summary of a passage examples

If they can not summarize the main idea of the paragraph, they know that comprehension has broken down and they need to use fix-up strategies to repair understanding. How to write a summary Part I What is a summary? Upon further examination, it becomes clear that the author is arguing that new research suggests the best cure for diabetes is the surgical solution of a gastric bypass. Identify in order the significant sub-claims the author uses to defend the main point. A good summary will consist of the following elements. Stick to the important points. The rest of your summary should cover some of the central concepts used to support the thesis. Take note of the tone of the piece. The thesis statement is like a road map that will tell the reader or listener where you are going with this information or how you are treating it. The main idea should be in the first or second paragraph, probably in a thesis statement at the end of the paragraph, or in the concluding paragraph. If the original uses 'you', substitute "people" or "they". These are: To show how an author's ideas support your argument To argue against the author's ideas To condense a lot of information into a small space To increase your understanding of an article What Needs to Be Included in a Summary of an Article? Underline the topic sentence of each paragraph. Example: In spite of having lost most of the season due to an injury, Jim Johnson beat his own record and won the meet, qualifying him for the state finals.
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Examples of Topic Sentences