The British favoured the Muslims which created a separation between Muslims and Hindus. In addition, Israel has been involved in the occupation of the West Bank and the blockade of the Gaza Strip.
The Muslims occupied two main regions in the north on opposite sides of the country, separated by a majority-Hindu section. They instilled the notion that the Muslims were a separate political entity and by the beginning of the s they gave the Muslims separate electorates in local government all over British India.
Both states subsequently faced huge problems accommodating and rehabilitating post-Partition refugees, whose numbers swelled when the two states went to war over the disputed territory of Jammu and Kashmir in In early June, Mountbatten stunned everyone by announcing August 15,as the date for the transfer of power—ten months earlier than expected.
This sparked the formation of the Muslim League, which sought to guarantee the rights of Muslims in any future independence negotiations. In a speech to the nation in the night of August 14th, Nehru, the first Prime Minister of independent India said "A moment comes which comes but rarely in history, when we step from the old to the new, when a age ends, and when the soul of a nation long suppressed, finds utterance.
Although the Muslim League formed in opposition to the INC, and the British colonial government attempted to play the INC and Muslim League off one another, the two political parties generally cooperated in their mutual goal of getting Britain to "Quit India. Congress made several mistakes in their policies that further convinced the League that it was impossible to live in an undivided India after freedom from colonial rule because their interests would be completely suppressed.
India and Pakistan have been to war twice since the partition and they are still deadlocked over the issue of possession of Kashmir. Thus, any exacerbation of post-Partition tensions today—such as India's August crackdown on Kashmiri independence —could be catastrophic.
Therefore Muslim wanted to have a different state so that a state which could give them citizenship and country governed by the principles of Islam. More violence followed as the rioting spread to the rural areas of Punjab and the Ganges valley.